collection of hauma hamiddha's scattered posts

Posts tagged ‘jihad’

Madrassa and terrorists in the expansion of Dar ul Islam

Many Westerners, and their red Indian (communist) followers have been commenting
that the perversion of the Madrassa to mass produce talibs and the use
of the so called asymmetric warfare in the form of terrorists is a
recent innovation of the otherwise “peace loving” Islamic world.
Nothing can be farther from the truth. I thought, I should bring to
the lists attention that these were integral aspects of the Mohammedan
war machine. If one were to carefully study Indian history they were
very much in place especially during the Sikh wars and the Maharashtra
campaigns of both the Mogols and the local sultans.

However, they are best illustrated in the campaigns of the expansion
of the greatest upholder of Dar ul Islam- the Osman sultans. In their
revived expansion following recovery from Timur’s invasion, the
sultans Mehmet the Conqueror, Selim the Grim and Suleiman the
Magnificent, caliphs of Islam, took defeat and destruction into heart
of Europe. While the remarkable organizational ablities and strategic
planning of these sultans cannot be ignored at the heart of their
machinery lay two fundamental instruments that have been largely
ignored in secular surveys of their rise to glory. The Osman sultans
repeatedly proclaimed that they were waging wars for no other purpose
other than the expansion of Dar-ul-Islam. The sultans literally waged
an annual jihad for this purpose. It is said that when Suleiman in his
old age failed to go on his annual jihad, his daughter chided him that
he had forgotten the duties of a Ghazi.

The two primary instruments of Osman success was the ghulam army of
the sultan called the Yenicheri and the vast army of the irregular
sipahis. The Yenicheri was recruited by the devshirme system- it
comprised entirely of young christian boys who had been captured from
Eastern Europe and forcibly converted to Islam (The women landed up
in the sultan’s Haram). Cut off from home and family, traumatized by
circumcision, they spent all their youth in madrassas, learning the
Koran, rigorous military skills and absolute devotion to the caliph.
They disallowed from marriage or property. With their pent up
frustrations directed in battle with nothing to live for but to die as
a shahid they formed the elite war machine of the Sultan that
delivered the coup de grace for the Dar ul harb from whom they had
sprung.

The other force of the Osmans was the irregular Sipahis who used to be
sent off to fan over the country side a few weeks before the main
march of the Sultan, his Begs and the elite Turkish cavalry via the
well maintained military roads. These irregulars indeed were homologs
of the very Islamic terrorists of today- terrorizing the countryside
through incessant raids and slaughter of the hapless immates. This
prevented any distraction for the march of the main elite force. Any
Armenian or Greek will tell you how effective these irregulars were as
late as the last century.

This model of action with the irregular terror specialist followed by
the elite division is essentially what Pakistan uses in both Kashmir
(Kargil) and Afghanistan. The analogy is complete when one sees the
production of the Talibs by the truck load, like the Yenicheri, to
become shahids to expand the Umma. If one looks harder, this analogy
is not a merely chance coincidence but a time tested model inherited
by the ISI quite directly from their Kilafat precursors.

Amir Khusroo the sUfi’s Jihadist prose

Some of Amir Khusroo’s florid prose describing the deeds of his patron Alla-ad-din of vile memory from khazain-ul-futuh . To be more precise his commander Maliq Naib Barbeq (from the Hindustani translation using E&D of course as a template):

 

“The tongue of the sword of the Khalifa of the time, which is the tongue of the flame of Islam, has imparted light to the entire darkness of Hindustan by the illumination of its guidance. And on one side an iron wall of royal swords has been raised before the infidel Magog-like Mongols, so that entire Allah-deserted people drew their feet within their skirts amongst the hills of Ghazni, and even their frontline-arrows did not have strength enough to reach into Sind. On the other hand so much dust arose from the battered temple of Somnath that even the sea was not able to lay it, and on the right hand and on the left hand the army of the most exhalted Alla-ad-din Khalji has conquered from sea to sea, and several capitals of the gods of the Hindus, in which the worship of Shaitan has prevailed since the time of the Djinns, have been demolished. All these impurities of the Kaffrs have been cleansed by the exhalted Sultan’s destruction of idols and temples, beginning with his first jihad against Devagiri, so that the flames of the light of the Shariat illumine all these filthy Kaffr lands, and places for the callers of Namaz are exalted on high, and prayers are read in Masjids. Allah be praised!”

 

Points to note:

-The Mongols were as Kaffr as the Hindus

-Amir Khusroo imagines a great favor being done to India by the Islamists in cleaning the land of Shaitanism. This exactly what Mohammed Habib, whose clansmen are adored by some, was trying to state. The Islamists were curing India of its satanic practices and replacing it with the much welcome brotherhood and peace.

-The “flames of Shariat illuminating the land”: This is exactly what the Maulana in the madrassa sees as an ideal- not the Indian constitution.

 

Another excerpt on Maliq Kafar’s sack of rAmeshvaraM in TN.

 

“The canopy was covered with gems and it was the holy place of the Hindus, which the Maliq dug up completely from its foundations, and the heads of the Brahmins and Kaffrs danced from their necks and met the ground at their feet, and blood flowed in rivers. The stone idols called Linga Mahadeva, that been established at that place at for a long time were copulating sex organs of kaffrs. There were 12 of these, up to this time, which the kick of the horse of Islam had not yet broken. The Momins destroyed all the Lingas, and the Hindu king Deva Narayana was struck down. The other gods who had fixed their seats were thrown so far that they reached the fort of Lanka. So much was the terror that idols of sex organs themselves would have fled had they had any legs to stand on. Much gold and valuable jewels fell into the hands of the Musalmans, who returned to the royal canopy, after executing their holy Jihad (April, 1311 A.D.)”

 

Point to note: The trivilization of Hindu Iconography is not recent phenomenon of the missionaries but was also carried out by the Islamist. We all know what the origin of the Linga symbol is, but note how the Islamist delights in specifically vulgarizing it.

Origin of the Khalji’s and Lal’s work

The important aspect of Lal’s work is his careful analysis and profound grasp on
Indian aspects of Islamic history. By
reading his works and placing them next to the following: Dick Eaton, Sanjay
Subramanian and Rom Thapar one can see
that he scores over these fellows in truthfulness to the sources. I would place
him in the same bracket as KAN Shastri
and RC Majumdar. J. Sircar is a good historian too, but I find his obsequious
attitude towards our erstwhile white masters
to be a bit too much. One important point to consider is the origin of the
Khaljis:
The famous historians Elliot and Dowson state that Khaljis were a hyopthetical
tribe. Barani states that when Jalal-ud-din
seized power from the Mamluq chiefs Aitmar Kachhan and Aitmar Surkha the power
passed from the ruling Turks to that
of another ‘race’. Now Marxist historians like C.Lakshmi have taught in their
classrooms that the Khaljis were Indian
Moslems and they were a ruling class of Indians following Islam. The Habibs seem
to present such a view albeit in a very
nuanced way and blame all the atrocities not on the ideology of Islam but on the
natural Turkish rapacity and lack of
aesthetics. Lal also falls prey in part to such discussions but he does not
hide the truth at all.

Lal conclusively demonstrates that Khaljis were Turks. He plays his card well by
pointing to the most important source on
the matter: the Tarikh-i-Fakhruddin. Here F gives a detailed account of the
Altaic tribes of central Asia circa 1206 AD and
shows the Khalji’s to be a part of this assemblage. See:
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/IndianCivilization/message/24223
There were pagan Khaljis, like Chingiz Kha’Khan’s general Arslan Khalji, who led
the Tibetan operations of the Mongol
army. But in the West Islam was enforced on some Khalji clans and it was this
Islamic group that entered India along
with other Turkic clans of Afghanistan. Prior to this they formed alliances with
the QanQali Turks to conquer Herat and
then participated in the Ghor-Ghazni wars on the side of the Ghoris.

Regarding the Turkish rapacity: Yes steppe people have some rapacity but they
are not at all un-aesthetic. These same
Turks including tribes like Khalji were pagans or Buddhists before and were not
averse to art. Even in India they always
praised the beauty of hindu temples before breaking them in their Islamic zeal.
They erected mosques of considerable
architectural splendor- so they were not incapable of admiring art. While much
of their rule did not differ much from that of
the Taliban- the brutality of their torture and executions in public and prisons
is unimaginable., they had a great liking for
music that eventually played a role in North Indian music. They even had Hindu
and female musicians at their court. So
we may safely conclude that the principle cause of the Turkish violence towards
the Hindus was only due to the ideology
of their religion.

Sidenote: Turks always tended to retain some of their ancestral tendencies before being
smothered by Islam. In the original altaic
society women held a high status. Il-Tut-mish retained a lot of his original
Turkish instinct. Notice his name! So naturally
Razzia inherited some of this. Even in Alla-ud-din’s court there were Turkish
female musicians. So Razzia’s unusual rise
should be viewed in purely Turkic light and not at al conflated with Islam. She
is best compared with Orghana Khatun
rather than with a burqa called Mulla woman.

Structure and weapons of the Khalji army

Bughra Khan gives the structure of the Khalji army as following the classical
Altaic decimal pattern. The titles are different
though the structure is identical to that of Chingiz Kha’Khan’s or the great
Uighur Khan ‘s army:

1horseman is a sipahi
10 horsemen=sarkhail
10 sarkhails=sipahsAlAr
10 sipahsAlAr=amIr
10 amIrs=maliq
10 maliqs=khan

Each sipahi had: a horse armor and body armor with helmet all made of Indian
steel.
-a long sword and a short sword
-a mace (like hindu weapon called parigha not the like the hindu gada)
-a battle axe (like the hindu paTTishi rather than hindu parashu)
-a dagger (like the hindu vrishchika)
-a composite bow. The Khaljis frequently used arrows poisoned with dung in their
jihads on the infidels.

They used 3 kinds of launchers
-manjniq: this was mangonel that hurled ball like a giant catapult.
-arrAdA: a giant crossbow also called a ballista and was the favorite Altaic
launcher.
-maghrabI: a trebuchet for launching giant projectiles.

The Khalji army had the traditional Turko-Mongol review of man and horse that
lasted a week or fortnight under the
direction of the Sultan himself. At their peak the Khaljis commanded an army
with 475000 horsemen in a permanant
weaponized state.

I would like to bring to the attention of detractors that the Hindu rulers of
the time simply never had that magnitude of a
cavalry. Large Hindu cavalries like that of the great harshavardhana were around
100000. Secondly, note that the Ghazi
was armed to teeth and Alla-ud-din ensured that they were maintained well. The
Hindu soldier typically just carried two
swords or sometimes just a sword. Most Hindu archers were on foot and could not
effectively holdout against a Ghazi
charge. The Hindu defensive war was also blunted with the introduction of the
Central Asian ballistics as a result of
Chingiz’s revolution. I shall illustrate all these points but considering in
detail a single Jihad of Jalal-ud-din by
analyzing the military points.

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