collection of hauma hamiddha's scattered posts

Skt Pali/Pkt
grIShma gimha summer
kR^ishNa kaNha dark
ashman amha stone
vismaya vimhaya wonder
prashna paNha question
prasnava paNhava flow
a~nkusha ankusa goad
shanti santi peace
agni aggi fire
abimathnAti abhimatthati to whirl
Atman attA
Apnoti appoti reach
tattva tatta reality
dR^iShTva diTTha having seen
loptra lutta to loot
mantra manta
chandra chanda moon
dvipa dIva island
apAra avAra boundless
nakha naha nail
megha meha cloud
AkAsha AkAha atmosphere
kathayati kahei say
krodha kova/koha anger
shubha suha good
rAShtra raTTha nation
vastra vattha clothes
matsya maccha fish
satya saccha true
lakshmI lacchI
tIkshNa tikkha sharp
pArshva passa side
kapha kabha phelgm
markaTa makkaDa monkey
bhakta bhatta food
dugdha duddha milk
ShaTka chakka six
utkara ukkara filth
mudga mugga mung bean
sapta satta seven
Ajya ajja goat butter/cheese
ramya ramma pleasant
sarasvati sarassai
vipra vippa brahmin
ratri ratti night
pakva pakka cook
Arya Ayya Aryan
vajra vajja
dharma dhamma law
chakra chakka wheel
jvalati jalati burns

tatsama and tadbhava in dravidian languages

It should be noted that many of the examples that were given as tadbhavas in
dravidian tongues are actually mere
transfers from the southern Prakrits. So they may appear as tadbhavas with
respect to sanskrit but are tatsama with
respect to the parent prakrit. To give an example tamils say: khAyaM (wound). In
sanskrit it is kshata. So it appears
tadbhava in Tamil (S. dravidian). However, if one examines prakrits both
northern and southern one finds the following
forms: Pali: khata, Prakrit1:chaya Prakrit2: khaya. So Tamil is actually tatsama
with respect to the neighboring prakrit.
These prakritic forms are seen even in northern areas (even central Asia) that
have no detectable dravidian substratum.
Hence these forms arose independent of Dravidian. The observation that most of
the tamil borrowings (beyond the
“brahminical terms”) are from MIA rather than OIA support an initial fringe
(and/or) late contact between the IE and D
worlds in India. This fits very well with the mahArAshTri prakrit area being the
zone where the (originally hunter-gatherer/
pastoral- like the Gonds) Dravidians formed the syncretic megalithic horse
culture along with the prakrit speakers of more
northern origin. This culture then moved south to establish the old Tamil states

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